By Auguste Comte, J. H. Bridges, Frederic Harrison

In A basic View of Positivism French thinker Auguste Comte (1798-1857) offers an summary of his social philosophy referred to as Positivism. Comte, credited with coining the time period 'sociology' and one of many first to argue for it as a technological know-how, is worried with reform, development and the matter of social order in society. during this English variation of the paintings, released in 1865, he addresses the sensible difficulties of imposing his philosophy or doctrine, as he additionally refers to Positivism, into society. He believes that society evolves via a chain of levels which are governed by means of social legislation and culminate in an exceptional type of social existence. in this reorganisation of society, with a purpose to locate its maximum supporters between girls and the operating type, a 'new ethical energy' will emerge. less than the motto 'love, order and development' Comte needs humanism to interchange organised faith because the item of religious worship.

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We now find it, in its maturity, and that as a simple result of its strict adherence to fact, embracing the sphere of affection, and making that sphere the central point of its synthesis. It is henceforth a fundamental doctrine of Positivism, a doctrine of as great political as philosophical importance, that the Heart preponderates over the Intellect. It is true that this doctrine, which is the ol^ydetrheTin: only basis for establishing harmony in our ^Lveect ™of ^ nature, had been, as I before remarked, instinc- ^s tively accepted by theological systems.

37 a more important and more intricate class of speculations, and disengages them for ever from all theological or metaphysical influence. All our notions of truth are thus rendered homogeneous, and begin at once to converge towards a central principle. A firm objective basis is consequently laid down for that complete co-ordination of human existence towards which all sound Philosophy has ever tended, but which the want of adequate materials has hitherto made impossible. , . ' , -. , . without dan- the system, it at the same time holds it m ger to free subordination to the subjective principle.

That difficulty was to discover the true Theory of human and social Development. The first decisive step in this discovery renders the conception of the Order of Nature complete. It stands out then as the fundamental doctrine of an universal system, for which the whole course of modern progress has been preparing the way. For three centuries men of science have been unconsciously co-operating in the work. They have left no gap of any importance, except in the region of Moral and Social phenomena.

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