By John M. Riddle, Winston Black

This transparent and finished textual content covers the center a while from the classical period to the past due medieval interval. exotic historian John Riddle presents a cogent research of the rulers, wars, and events—both ordinary and human—that outlined the medieval period. Taking a wide geographical viewpoint, Riddle comprises northern and japanese Europe, Byzantine civilization, and the Islamic states. each one, he convincingly indicates, provided values and institutions—religious devotion, toleration and intolerance, legislation, methods of considering, and altering roles of women—that presaged modernity. as well as conventional issues of pen, sword, and note, the writer explores different using forces comparable to technological know-how, faith, and expertise in ways in which past textbooks haven't. He additionally examines such often-overlooked concerns as medieval gender roles and medication and seminal occasions akin to the crusades from the vantage aspect of either Muslims and japanese and western Christians.

In addition to a radical chronological narrative, the textual content deals humanizing positive aspects to have interaction scholars. every one bankruptcy opens with a theme-setting vignette in regards to the lives of normal and amazing humans. The booklet additionally introduces scholars to key controversies and topics in historiography by means of that includes in each one bankruptcy a favourite medieval historian and the way his or her rules have formed modern considering the center a long time. Richly illustrated with colour plates, this vigorous, enticing publication will immerse readers within the medieval international, an period that formed the root for the trendy world.

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Extra resources for A History of the Middle Ages, 300-1500

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On such unstable foundations did authority rest in the Roman Empire. Nevertheless, from the moors of Scotland and the forests of Ukraine to the brown sands of northern Africa and the blue of the Persian Gulf, the Roman Empire governed a vast region, the extent of which has never been equaled. 851–853), and, to an amazing extent, that mission was carried out for centuries. Not only that, in terms of lasting influence, the Romans produced perhaps the most successful of states. To take just one example: The long line of monarchs who assumed the name of Caesar starts with Augustus (63 BCE–14 CE) and extends even beyond the Middle Ages to the early twentieth century, when the last “Caesars”—the Russian Tsar and German Kaiser (both titles derived from Caesar)—were forced out.

48-1992. Printed in the United States of America To Erika, my daughter, and Heather, my granddaughter Contents List of Illustrations Preface Acknowledgments Introduction to the Second Edition Part I: Slow Transition from Classical to Medieval World Chapter 1: The Transformation of Classical Civilization: The Political and Economic Story through the Fifth Century CE What Made Rome? The First Two Centuries of the Empire (31 BCE–200 CE) Era of the Five Great Emperors (96–180) Breakdown of the System in That Terrible Third Century The Transformation of the Roman Empire (286–395): The Middle Ages Begin Last Western Emperors Perspectives on the Fall of the Western Empire Conclusion Notes Suggested Readings Suggested Websites Chapter 2: The Transformation of Classical Civilization: Religion and Culture through the Fifth Century CE The Quest for Meaning in the Pagan World Rise of Christianity Creators of the Christian Church Latin Church Fathers Women’s Role in the Late Empire Learning and the Arts Conclusion Notes Suggested Readings Suggested Websites Chapter 3: Warriors, Farmers, and Saints in the Barbarian Kingdoms (200–600) The Barbarian Background Challenges to Assimilation The German Kingdoms Franks and the Merovingian Kingdom Conversions, Saints, and Irish Christianity Rome and the Roman Church Conclusion Notes Suggested Readings Suggested Websites Chapter 4: Byzantine Empire: A Struggle for Unity and Regaining Past Glory (451–630) Internal Conflicts in Byzantium (451–527) Age of Justinian and Theodora (527–565) Asiatic Tribes, Overextension, and Division in the Post-Justinian Era Life in the Divided Byzantium (451–630) Conclusion Notes Suggested Readings Suggested Websites Chapter 5: Islam: The Religion, Politics, and Culture (570–1000) The Rise of Islam Islam in Contact with Christianity Problem of Succession Islamic Society Islamic States Mature Pax Islamica Conclusion Notes Suggested Readings Suggested Websites Part II: Central Middle Ages Chapter 6: Technology, Society, and Politics in the Early Medieval West (600–750) Perspective on Technology Britain’s Anglo-Saxon Renaissance while the Iberian Peninsula Struggles Late Merovingian Gaul Conclusion Notes Suggested Readings Suggested Websites Chapter 7: The Age of Charlemagne (750–814) Manorial Life: Peasants, Nobility, and Clergy The Changing Landscape Charlemagne as King of the Franks Charlemagne, the King Who Ruled Women in the Carolingian Era Charlemagne as Church Leader Conclusion Notes Suggested Readings Suggested Websites Chapter 8: Europe: Disunited, Assaulted, and Saved (814–1024) Disintegration of Charlemagne’s Empire The Vikings at Home Vikings Southward, Southwestward Vikings and Muslims in the Frankish Kingdoms and Iberia Northmen in Russia, Eastern Europe, and Byzantium The Norsemen in the Atlantic: Iceland, Greenland, and North America Germany (East Francia), Italy, and the Holy Roman Empire Conclusion Notes Suggested Readings Suggested Websites Chapter 9: New Devotion, Growth of Towns, and Commerce (950–1100) The Beginnings of Monastic Reforms: Cluny and the Benedictine Centuries Investiture Struggle Reurbanization in the Great Turnaround (1000–1200) Expansion of Long- and Short-Distance Commerce Technology and Towns Alter Cultural Roles Development of Feudal States Conclusion Notes Suggested Readings Suggested Websites Part III: High Middle Ages Chapter 10: The Era of the First Crusade (1071–1097) The East on the Eve of the First Crusade First Crusade Technology Innovations and Transfers Peasants, Monks, Lords, and Land Intellectual Revival Conclusion Notes Suggested Readings Suggested Websites Chapter 11: The Renaissance of the Twelfth Century The Western Kingdoms Rise of Universities Wine, Women, Song, and Counterculture Islamic Learning and Its Assimilation in the West Second Crusade The Greek and Slavic East Western Europe at the End of the Century Conclusion Notes Suggested Readings Suggested Websites Chapter 12: The Flowering of the Middle Ages (ca.

Ulpian, a jurist (d. ca. ” The distinctively Roman way of establishing universal laws not only tied the empire together but created a body of law that had enormous influence in the Middle Ages (as it still does today), and served as one basis of the medieval belief that human law should reflect natural law, understood in the Middle Ages as related to divine law—again, a belief that still has great influence. Universal Coinage: As with the law, the Romans never sought to supplant local coinage; the process evolved naturally.

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