By Gordon Legge
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Extra info for A Journalist's Guide to Islam
Similarly after 'Uthman's murder in 35/656 and after the murder of the caliph 'All five years later, and almost every time the governors of Kufa and Basra were changed, the Iranians had occasion to revolt. In the early months of the caliphate of 'Uthman, when Sa'd b. Abi Waqqas w^as for the second time made governor of Kufa, the people of Hamadan and Ray staged an insurrection against the Arabs. Sa'd sent 'Ala b. Wahab to reduce Hamadan, and the population of Ray were once again induced to pay the kharaj and jizya; but the peace which, with the aid of the internal differences between the notables of Ray, was imposed in 2 5 22 Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 THE PURSUIT OF YAZDGARD upon the refractory populace was not lasting.
Al-Yaman, who raided Ardabil, the centre of the province and seat of the governor. After a stiff resistance this city submitted and accepted the imposition of the jizya. According to some accounts, Bukair b. 'Abd-Allah Laithi also campaigned in Azarbaijan and defeated and captured there Isfandyadh, the brother of Rustam Farrukhzad. The real conqueror of Azarbaljan, however, was 'Ataba b. Farqad al-Sulami, who approached it after the conquest of Mosul by way of Shahrazur and Urmiya (modern Reza'iya) and extended the Arab conquest in the northwest.
Tabarl, vol. 11, pp. 647, 724; DInawarl, pp. 294-5. 36 Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 MAWALl BETWEEN SHl'A AND KHARIJITES Syrians than any other group. The Arabs of Kufa, who also as Shi'Is to some extent supported Mukhtar, grew angry over this complete confidence in the client class; it would seem that his movement developed into an anti-Arab movement, not solely one against the Umayyads. Therefore, gradually support was withdrawn from Mukhtar. The Arabs joined Mus'ab b.