By Sigurdur Hafthorsson

The learn is a radical exam of either textual and archaeological resources for the historical past of the dominion of Aram-Damascus.

This country was once an Aramean nation concentrated round Damascus in Syria from ca. 1100 to 732 B.C. The textual resources for the research are inscriptions in Aramaic, Neo-Assyrian inscriptions, and the previous testomony. In previous stories, archaeology has been little utilized in tracing this state. This research provides an outline of excavations and surveys within the area round Damascus and the Golan.

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Additional info for A Passing Power: An Examination of the Sources for the History of Aram-Damascus in the Second Half of the Ninth Century B.C

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1[:17] [Jill. J~. I1jil'\1. ' [ . :J~n~] • 1:J . l-\1 • :J~ [7~. 011:1'. ]1:J. w[m~. I1'l'\. n]l7lnp1. 7~1ill'. l7~ [~ . l:1~1 • m1n • 0:1 . I1'1ii • I1'~] • olillJ~1 . 111I1':J • l [ 1~ill' ]7 • 0:1 . ji1~ • I1' [~ • ~1:1'1 ]-:171 • nn~ [. Oilll-\1 . 7~1]ill'. 7:17. l7 [ . 13 55 The a priori most probable case is that the fragments belong to the same inscription when we consider that no other basalt stelae with inscriptions have been found in the area. Further, there is a great similarity of writing and contents.

231 226 Cryer (1995) and Becking (1996) argue that the letters are different and the spacing dissimilar in the two fragments. A close look does not, however, reveal more differences between the fragments than within fragment A itself. See also Kottsieper 1998, 476, n. 4. 227 The standpoint of Ada Yardeni, according to Athas (2003, 176). 228 Athas 2003, 177. 229 Biran & Naveh 1995, 12. 230 Biran & Naveh 1993, 95-97. Note however, that we have earlier warned that palaeo graphic dating of Aramaic texts is difficult given the scarcity of inscriptions.

J~n~] • 1:J . l-\1 • :J~ [7~. 011:1'. ]1:J. w[m~. I1'l'\. n]l7lnp1. 7~1ill'. l7~ [~ . l:1~1 • m1n • 0:1 . I1'1ii • I1'~] • olillJ~1 . 111I1':J • l [ 1~ill' ]7 • 0:1 . ji1~ • I1' [~ • ~1:1'1 ]-:171 • nn~ [. Oilll-\1 . 7~1]ill'. 7:17. l7 [ . 13 55 The a priori most probable case is that the fragments belong to the same inscription when we consider that no other basalt stelae with inscriptions have been found in the area. Further, there is a great similarity of writing and contents. In fact, no compelling evidence forces us to separate the two.

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