By Sjoerd L. Bonting (Eds.)

This primary quantity has contributions from the us (4), the USSR (2), Europe (2), and Japan (1). They comprise reports of a basic organic challenge aided through a few area experiments, investigations of organic difficulties encountered in spaceflight, use of microgravity for a biotechnological objective, and technical amenities built for animal and mobile examine in area. themes contain: the results of long term area missions at the human physique (Grigoriev, USSR); skeletal responses to microgravity (Morey-Holton an Arnaud, United States); gravity results on animal replica, advancements, and getting old (Miquel and Souza, Spain/United States); neurovestibular body structure in fish (Watanabe, Takabayashi, Tanaka, and Yanagihara, Japan); gravity belief and movement in vegetation (Brown, United States); improvement of upper crops below altered gravitational stipulations (Merkys and Laurniavcius, Lithunaia, USSR); gravity results on unmarried cells (Cogoli and Gmunder, Switzerland); protein crystal progress in house (Bonting, Kishiyama, and Arno, United States).

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Acta Astronaulica, 17(27):173-179, 1983. 17. H. 1972. Vascular Function. In: Humrm Physiology, vol. F. ), pp. 101-190. MU, Moscow, 1985 (translated from English). 34 ANATOLYI 1. GRlGORlEV and ANATOLYI D. EGOROV 18. Z. &says on Clinical Physiology of Circulation. Medizina, Moscow, 1965 (in Russian). 19. At’kov, 0. S. Hypokinesia and Weightlessness: Clinical and Physiological Aspects. In: Biomedical, Social an Psychological Problems of Exploration of Space and Extreme Earth Environments. G. ). Nauka, Moscow, 1989 (in Russian).

48 B. Biomechanics ............................................... 49 C . Mineral and Matrix Composition .............................. 49 D. Maturation and Growth ...................................... 52 E. Growth Arrest and Recovery after Spaceflight .................... 54 F. Otherchanges .............................................. 56 57 G . Interpretation and Unanswered Questions ....................... AdvuKes in Space Biology and Medicine. Volume 1. pages 37-69. Copyribht @ 1991 by JAl Prss Ine.

CR, CA, and J V = controls Pre = preflight baseline. Post = postflight nine crew members defined a relationship between weight loss and caloric intake. The other three astronauts exhibited greater weight loss than might be predicted from caloric intake. ”(ref. 52, p. 180). Since low body fat is indicative of intensive exercise and the heel bone mass is dependent on exercise:‘ the loss of bone mass in these crew members may have been due to the change in exercise status or diet during spaceflight.

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