By Patrick Suppes (auth.), Wilfried Sieg (eds.)

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Extra resources for Acting and Reflecting: The Interdisciplinary Turn in Philosophy

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J. (1973) "The Frame Problem and Related Problems in Artificial Intelligence," in A. Elithorn and D. ) Artificial and Human Thinking. Jossey-Bass. Reprinted in Bonnie Lynn Webber and Nils J. ) Readings in Artificial Intelligence. Los Altos, CA: Morgan Kaufmann, pp. 223-230. J. (1985) "The Trolley Problem," The Yale Law Journal 94, reprinted in W. ), (1986) Rights, Restitution, and Risk: Essays in Moral Theory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp. 94-116. Gilbert Harman Department of Philosophy Princeton University Princeton, NJ 08544 PHILOSOPHY AT CARNEGIE MELLON: PAST, PRESENT, FUTURE JOHN HAUGELAND Professor Scott opened this panel discussion with several interesting questions for our consideration.

There are of course predecessors going all the way back to Thomas Reid in the eighteenth century, but it is really Luneburg's virtue to have laid out the theory for the first time in anything like adequate detail. Unfortunately, as we have seen from the many experiments surveyed, we cannot come to a simple conclusion of the kind that Luneburg would like to have found supported in as detailed a way as possible. We cannot conclude simpliciter that visual space is hyperbolic. Certainly we can give to Luneburg the point that there are simple experimental configurations in which the judgments of subjects certainly do support his hypothesis.

Blank (1953, 1957). The most extensive early test of Luneburg's theory is found in the report of Hardy, Rand, Rittler, Blank, and Boeder (1953) of the experiments carried out at the Knapp Memorial Laboratories, Institute of Ophthamology, Columbia University. Without entering into a detailed description of the experiments I summarize the experimental setup and their main conclusions. All experiments were carried out in a darkroom with configurations made up of a small number of low intensity point sources of light.

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