By David G. Mayes, Iain Begg, Dermot Hodson, Imelda Maher, Brian Ardy

Financial and financial Union (EMU) involves a primary shift in macroeconomic coverage for partaking member states. Adjusting to EMU examines the layout and supply of economic, monetary and supply-side regulations in the euro region. It appraises the power of the rising coverage structure to bring a harmonious coverage combine to 12 heterogeneous economies and the reaction of person member states to the restrictions and possibilities created via EMU.

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Extra info for Adjusting to EMU (One Europe or Several?)

Sample text

We can differentiate the countries in three generalised ways: their differences in economic development patterns, their inflation performance and their fiscal position. • Ireland, Greece and to a lesser extent Spain seem to have come through the latest downturn rather well. However, they and Portugal seem to have been somewhat inflation prone. • Germany, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Portugal seemed to have slowed down rather more than the rest. Only in the German case does this seem to be accompanied by very slow growth in prices.

It wants to have a high participation rate and low unemployment 2. It values the fairness of the distribution of benefits (cohesion) 3. It wants to avoid too much fluctuation in the real economy along the way. Macroeconomic policy is set in the light of these objectives. There are also some presuppositions about the nature of the economic environment that will be best suited for achieving these objectives. Three are particularly relevant to our concerns here: 1. The most efficient system is the proper operation of open and competitive markets unimpeded by government intervention in the form of subsidies to particular industries or interests 2.

The Irish wanted to be viewed as a desirable part of the EU in which to invest and to remove some of the costs of the fluctuations of sterling with respect to the other major EU currencies (Chapter 8). However, as the rolling estimates in Artis (2003) illustrate, not only does the similarity between economies both in terms of behaviour and in terms of shocks vary very considerably from one time period to another but the most recent five years, which cover the period of actual and Macroeconomic Policy in EMU 31 virtual EMU, are rather unusual in that the US is more correlated with the larger EU economies than some of the EU countries are with each other.

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