By A. Piccinini, M. Loseby

The e-book describes the context in which the typical Agricultural coverage of the eu Union has been tested, the fundamental mechanisms of the coverage for the most sectors of agricultural construction and their edition through the years in accordance with alterations within the broader global economic climate; the alterations in japanese Europe, the issues of constructing nations and the GATT-WTO contract specifically. An advent through Franz Fischler, eu Commissioner with accountability for Agriculture, units the scene for neighborhood coverage past 2000.

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Protection from world markets was effectuated through variable import levies. Exports were subsidised through refunds. The reforms of 1992 and 1999 have simplified the system: the indicative price and the threshold price have gradually been abolished and the variable levy has been substituted by a fixed tariff. 1 synthesises the main measures adopted under the CAP. The price guaranteed to the producer was and is the intervention price, which is the price, pre-determined and guaranteed, at which the Community undertakes to buy produce from farmers.

3 Marcus Tullius Cicero, (B. C. 70) "De re frumentaria" in Actio Secunda in Verrem 4 By EI Nino is meant the anomalous warming of the sea off the Peruvian coast which has caused a series of climatic disasters as far away as Australia - drought in Southern Africa, North America and Latin America, delayed monsoons in Indonesia, floods in India and a dramatic decline in the fish population in the coastal waters off Chile and Peru. 5 These distortive characteristics are accentuated in countries, such as Italy, where small farms prevail, where public intervention has been mainly by type of farm enterprise such as the family farm, or for the conservation of out-dated legal forms of rental contract rather than by product; results have been ephemeral since demographic, social and economic trends have continuously annulled these measures, transforming them into corporate rent positions which have hindered the development of agrarian structures and prevented them from following the changes in the rest of the economy.

A further 100 million individuals would be added to the existing population of 266 million in the present EU. As consumers, their An Overview ofthe Policies ofthe European Union 31 purchasing power is very low; this is offset by the fact that, as producers, they receive prices on average about one half of those in the EU and even less than half for milk and meat. There appears to be no alternative, therefore, to a sharp decline in agricultural prices in the European Union when the future enlargement takes place.

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