By Nasser Golzari

This can be the 1st booklet ever to envision the structure and urbanism of the Persian Gulf as a whole entity, dealing both with stipulations at the jap Iranian coastline as in Arabic international locations at the western facet. via inviting a variety of architects and students to jot down approximately historic and modern impacts on 14 towns alongside either Gulf coastlines, the ebook lines the alterations in structure and human cost in terms of environmental components and particularity of position. It offers an leading edge contribution to the learn of structure and globalisation via an in depth research of this actual zone, investigating how constructions and towns are being formed consequently. a suite of thematic essays on the finish provide very important insights into problems with globalisation, urbanism and environmental layout, drawing from the event of the Persian Gulf. the end result is a different list of the Gulf within the early-21st century at some degree while worldwide capitalism is making significant inroads and but questions of architectural layout, weather swap, ecological sustainability, cultural identification and so-called 'Facebook Democracy' are likewise shaking up the center jap zone. The e-book therefore deals a clean studying of the structure and urbanism of a desirable and sometimes contradictory quarter, whereas additionally exhibiting how globalisation could be analysed in a extra engaged and built-in manner.
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Furthermore, an interesting body of slightly older texts on Arabic architecture and urbanism, which either directly or indirectly covers the Persian Gulf region, includes: Stefano Bianca, Urban Form in the Arab World (London: Thames & Hudson, 2000); Paolo M. Costa, Studies in Arabian Architecture (London: Variorium, 1994); Kenneth Frampton, Charles Correa & David Robson (eds), Modernity and Community: Architecture in the Islamic World (London: Thames & Hudson/Aga Khan Awards for Architecture, 2001); Mustafa M.

Oil fields, which were first detected in Iran and Iraq in the early-twentieth century by British oil companies, and later developed on a far greater scale by US firms after the Second World War, have transformed life along both coasts of the Persian Gulf. As in other places like Texas, but in an even more intense and exceptional manner, oil became ‘black gold’ for many of the Arabic countries involved. As a consequence, from the late-1950s the Persian Gulf has served as the main petrol pump which fuels the world’s automobiles.

More intellectual, but suffering from the absolute certainties favoured by denunciatory preachers, are the polemical blasts – of the Albert-Speer-meets-Disney clichéd variety – from left-wing American critics such as Mike Davis and Michael Sorkin. They rail against what they see as elitist and exploitative ‘feudal’ developments in Arabic Gulf countries. 25 Introduction 13 A more responsive treatment of architectural and urban development in the Persian Gulf – although written mostly about the western Arabic coastline – can however be found in other books on cities such as Dubai and Abu Dhabi, or indeed from architects and scholars writing about architectural heritage and contemporary urbanism.

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